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Ancient Persian Architecture
Columnas de Persépolis. Los capiteles se configuraron mediante una pieza superior compuesta por 2 medios cuerpos de animales unidos: toros, hombres-toro o grifos. Estos podían apoyar directamente sobre el fuste o tener unas piezas con volutas, cuyo antecedente era la arquitectura helena. Bajo estas piezas existían una formas vegetales, como el loto o el papiro de influencia egipcia de época Ptolemaica.
Susa: The Gate of Darius, the building The thickness of the walls, more than 3 m, and the size of the square column bases of 1.52 m on one side make it possible to reconstruct a high building of 10 to 15 m. In the absence of fragments of barrels and stone capitals, we must restore these wooden elements, probably covered with plaster and painted. Fragments of red and blue pigment were found stuck to the ground, or in shards of pottery that served as pallets. The west passage was flanked by Darius
Plan after J. Perrot’s excavations Considerable progress has been made since the previous plans. Firstly, the discovery of the Darius Gate as an integral part of the complex, which solves the problem of general access to the palace. Furthermore, the plan of the southern part of the residence has been broadly completed, as far as the apartments, the stores and the large halls parallel to the southern part of the East court are concerned. The north and eastern sides of the court are less complete,
Reconstruction of the Palace The back wall of the Residence to the south was probably blind and located at the edge of the embankment. When the plan of this sector was revealed, it permanently eliminated the hypothesis of an access from this side. To the west, the facade rested on the retaining wall. It featured a large door that could not be accessed from the bottom of the embankment.
Text restored from several stone fragments that join to form the shape of a large, thick, square tablet. They were found scattered over all the points of the ruins, according to Vincent Scheil (1929). The text presents some standardised elements, common to other Achaemenid royal inscriptions, like the invocation to Ahuramazda (§1), the titulary of the king (§2), the list of conquered/tributary peoples (§3) and the protection formula addressed to Ahuramazda "together with all the gods" (§6). In