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Sabaean language and alphabet
The Sabaean or Sabaic alphabet is one of the south Arabian alphabets. The oldest known inscriptions in this alphabet date from about 500 BC. Its origins are not known, though one theory is that it developed from the Byblos alphabet. The Sabaean alphabet is thought to have evolved into the Ethiopic script. Sabaean, an extinct Semitic language once spoken in Saba, the biblical Sheba, in southern Arabia.
The Sabaean kingsbuilt great irrigation works such as the Ma'rib dams, whose ruins are still visible. They also built castles and temples in the area, and were known for trading the valuable frankincense and myrrh. They were a seafaring people and known to have influence and a population in the Northeast African kingdom of Dʿmt, across the Red Sea in Eritrea and perhaps Ethiopia, the only other source of both frankincense and myrrh.Marib, Yemen.