María Montessori (1870-1952) primera mujer médico italiana también era educadora, psiquiatra, psicóloga, científica, feminista y humanista.En 1907 crea en Roma la Case dei Bambini. Entiende la educación no como una transmisión de cultura, sino como una preparación para la vida. Fue la creadora del método y los materiales Montessori. Actualmente tanto su metodología, como sus materiales siguen vigentes, siendo usados en muchos centros educativos en Educación Infantil.
Montessori observed children and adolescents of all ages, and turned to the study of infancy. In 1944 she gave a series of thirty lectures on the first three years of life, and a government recognized training course in Sri Lanka. These lectures were collected in 1949 in the book What You Should Know About Your Child.
Maria Montessori was born August 31, 1870 in Chariavalle, Italy. Montessori's was educated as a doctor, but went on to start her own preschool. She believed children should not be treated as receptors of knowledge from the teacher, but instead should be leaders of their own learning. Her philosophy has been embraced in schools around the world.