Justice Explained

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Justice in Europe Institutionalized: Legal Complexity and the Rights of Vulnerable Persons Legal System, Vulnerability, Human Rights, Politics, Europe, Concept, This Or That Questions, Education, Reading

Justice in Europe Institutionalized: Legal Complexity and the Rights of Vulnerable Persons

This working paper examines how justice as representation, redistribution and recognition permeate the European legal order(s). It first discusses the institutionalization of justice through particular legal rights, and the relevance of vulnerability to deliver justice, before focusing on the analysis of certain particular rights (vote, housing and education). An important philosophical framework for analysing justice…

Justice and fairness in political discourse Countries, Politics, Political Books

Justice and fairness in political discourse

Political debates are never innocent or inconsequential. They contribute to the societal recognition of various groups, legitimate problems ‘worthy’ of state intervention and reflect the social mobilisation on behalf of a group or issue. Bearing this in mind, we engaged in a study on the construction of justice, representative justice in particular, in political discourse…

Race, mobility and the failure of Westphalian representation Politics, Racing, This Or That Questions, Auto Racing, Political Books

Race, mobility and the failure of Westphalian representation

The ETHOS 5.2 deliverable addresses two overarching questions: what are the obstacles to the political representation of individuals who identify with a minority? How are these obstacles linked to experiences of (mis)recognition? This is done by building on previous deliverables examining conceptualisations of justice in a range of disciplines and by reflecting on the results…

Should a “European” theory of justice be empirically informed, and if so, how? Investigations, Theory, Den, Infographic, Believe, This Or That Questions, Check, Blog, Infographics

Should a “European” theory of justice be empirically informed, and if so, how?

Justice is not simply what most people believe it is. Looking back on history, from Ancient Athens even until the 20th-century, we now see that most people held seriously mistaken beliefs about justice: it was at times widely accepted as just that women should be denied the vote and excluded from the workplace, that slaves…

What can we learn from existing philosophy about theorising justice in Europe? Empirical Evidence, First Step, Summary, Investigations, Philosophy, Insight, Infographic, Politics, Van

What can we learn from existing philosophy about theorising justice in Europe?

Just as in engineering, in political philosophy it is advisable not to ‘reinvent the wheel’ but to build upon existing insights. That is why the first step of theorizing an empirically informed theory of justice in Europe was looking at the heritage of philosophical theorizing about justice in the context of contemporary debates. A ‘philosophical’…

Conceptualising Justice in Legal Theory Human Rights, Theory, Meant To Be

Economizing on justice

What do economic theories have to do with justice? Are economists economizing on justice? What does that mean? Sixty years ago Robertson asked himself “What does the economist economize?”. The answer he gave was, “it is love”. When referring to “the economist”, he meant his role as designer of institutions or adviser to public decision…

Economising on Justice #Justice #ETHOSjustice Human Rights, Economics, Meant To Be, Public, Finance Books, Finance

Economizing on justice

What do economic theories have to do with justice? Are economists economizing on justice? What does that mean? Sixty years ago Robertson asked himself “What does the economist economize?”. The answer he gave was, “it is love”. When referring to “the economist”, he meant his role as designer of institutions or adviser to public decision…

Four of Fewer Freedoms: Contested Conceptions of Justice in Europe between 1941 and 1957 Four Freedoms, Research Paper, Human Rights, Theory, Europe, The Unit, Concept

Four of Fewer Freedoms: Contested Conceptions of Justice in Europe between 1941 and 1957

What are the foundations of justice in Europe? How did the concept of justice develop over time and how has justice been institutionalized in the European Union? This research paper analyses the timespan between the formulation of Franklin Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms in 1941, and the codification of the – very different – Four Market Freedoms…

Conceptualising Justice in Political Theory Nation State, End Of Life, Theory, Acting, Challenges, Politics, Political Books, Smoke

Conceptualizing Justice in Political Theory

What are the means each individual has to pursue his or her valued ends of life? How could the need for belonging and community be reconciled with individual freedom? To which extent can people contest, act upon and change the structure of institutions and social relations in which they find themselves? The current historical conjuncture…

ETHOS - Towards a European Theory of Justice and Fairness Macro And Micro, Sociology, Human Rights, Theory, Social Studies

Conceptualising Justice in Social Theory

What is Justice in social theory? What sociological and anthropological theories relate to philosophical reflections on justice and fairness? The founders of sociology and anthropology were deeply interested in justice related issues: they reflected on legal, economic, social and interpersonal aspects of (in)justice and offered macro- and micro-level interpretations of the causes and outcomes of…

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